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乔木种植后如何检查才能确认苗木是否成活

网址:www.dzyangguang.com.cn  2021-09-13  作者:admin    阅读:

乔木种植后如何检查才能确认苗木是否成活
How to check whether the seedlings survive after planting trees?

几乎所有的施工人员都知道苗木问题要及时发现,及时处理,但往往很多施工单位都是在苗木枯萎死亡后才发现。在此,我们希望施工井盖钢模具 U型槽模具 天津水处理设备 检查井钢模具 保定公司注册 u型槽模具 流水槽模具 人员能重视施工后的检查,及早发现问题进行解决,提高苗木的种植成活率。
Almost all construction workers know that seedling problems should be found and handled in a timely manner, but many construction units are found only after the seedlings withered and died. Here, we hope that the construction workers can attach importance to the inspection after construction, find out the problems early, and solve them, so as to improve the survival rate of seedlings.


解决方法:
Resolvent:
1.了解苗木的情况,是否山苗,泥球大小,运输时间,种植季节等。
1. understand the situation of seedlings, whether mountain seedlings, mud balls size, transportation time, planting season.
2.了解土方情况,是否深土层,PH值,土壤密实度,是否积水等问题。
2. know about earthwork, whether it is deep soil, pH value, soil compactness, water accumulation and so on.
3.用手有意识地推动树杆,看泥球与土壤是否结合紧密。
3. consciously push the tree bar with your hands to see if the mud ball is closely linked to the soil.
4.检查是否种植过深或泥球表面覆土过多,以免造成根系窒息死亡。
4. check whether planting too deep or mud ball surface overburden, so as not to cause root asphyxia death.
5.检查大型乔木是否有支撑或支撑是否牢固。以免大风吹杆造成根部松动,与土壤分离,致使树木死亡。
5. check whether there is support or support for large trees. In order to prevent the roots from loosening and separating from the soil, the trees will die.
6.检查树杆及枝条是否有破损或修剪方法不当,以免病菌从伤口倾入树体内,造成树木衰弱。
6. check whether there are any breakage or pruning methods for tree stems and branches, so as not to let bacteria enter the trees from wounds and cause trees to weaken.
7.观察树体上部情况,叶片是否有卷曲枯萎或非正常脱落,如有应及时用掏洞法查看根系情况,是否有腐烂,腐烂到何种程度,再来考虑是否能救活。因为根的好坏是树木成活的关键。
7. to observe the upper part of the tree body, whether there is curly withering or abnormal shedding of the leaves, for example, it is necessary to use the hole method to check the root system in time, whether there is decay, to what extent, and to consider whether it can be saved. Because the quality of the root is the key to the survival of the trees.


种植山苗为什么容易死亡?
Why is the planting of a mountain seedling easy to die?

一般的施工人员都知道山苗种植成活率很低,但是随着大乔木的日渐减少,尤其是个别大乔木苗圃已难觅,所以不得不用山苗。
The ordinary construction workers know that the survival rate of the seedlings is very low, but with the growing decline of big trees, especially the big tree nursery is difficult to find, so it has to use the mountain seedlings.
分析原因:
Analysis of the reasons:
1.由于环境的因素决定了山苗大多是直根系,长期依靠一个主根或多个主根向下生长。如果移植,主根切断,树体自身的水养分流失,根压减小,不能吸收土壤中的水养分而导致死亡。
1. as a result of environmental factors, most of the seedlings are direct roots, which rely on a main root or a number of main roots for a long time. If transplanted, the main root will be cut off, and the nutrient loss of the tree itself will be reduced, and the root pressure will decrease.
2.山上土层较薄,树木间的生存竞争使得树木的根系扎根很远,如果移植,能带的有效须根很少。
2. the mountain soil is thinner, and the competition among trees makes the roots of trees far rooted. If transplanted, the effective fibrous roots of the trees are very few.
3.一般山上的生长环境较好,水份充足,湿度较高,排水又好,土壤多偏酸性,较适合苗木生长。如果移植,苗木不能及时适应种植地的环境。
3. generally, the growth environment of mountains is good, water is abundant, humidity is high, drainage is good, and soil is more acidic, which is suitable for seedling growth. If transplanted, seedlings can not adapt to the planting environment in time.
4.山上的土壤多混有石块,所以苗木起挖,打泥球技术难度很大。
4. the soil on the mountain is mostly mixed with stones, so it is very difficult to dig up the seedlings and make mud balls.

解决方法:
Resolvent:
1.移植前半年最好先做好切根和树冠修剪工作。
1. in the first half of the year, root cutting and crown pruning should be done first.
2.起苗时注意保护泥球的完好不损伤,粗大根拔起而不是切断,保证树体的水养分的流失。
2. when the seedlings are raised, pay attention to protecting the mud balls intact and not damaging. Coarse roots are pulled out rather than cut off, so as to ensure the loss of nutrients in the trees.

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